A major history of the British Post Office. Required fields are marked *. (Public Domain/St. From there the previous telecommunications arm of the Post Office disappeared in 1981 when the British Telecommunications Corporation was formed. I had been told that young lads were runners, and used some paths that lead across extensive moors to the centre of Sutherland. To simplify matters, Hill proposed an adhesive stamp to indicate pre-payment of postage. jQuery('#footnote_plugin_tooltip_578_1_3').tooltip({ tip: '#footnote_plugin_tooltip_text_578_1_3', tipClass: 'footnote_tooltip', effect: 'fade', predelay: 0, fadeInSpeed: 200, delay: 400, fadeOutSpeed: 200, position: 'top right', relative: true, offset: [10, 10], }); The plan was tested on the Bristol to London mail run and having proved successful, it was expanded to other main routes. Learn how your comment data is processed. These initial military connections to the GPO were then to be magnified as the organisation played a pivotal role during the First World War. Not only could coaches travel eight miles an hour, Palmer further proposed that the coaches be guarded by men armed with blunderbusses to ensure their safe arrival. Still can't find what you're looking for? These were plain cards, front and back with a pre-printed stamp and were published by the Post Office. “Travel through Time with Royal Mail.” Royal Mail. … Would they hand the letter to a servant who would go on their behalf, so accepting that they will be gone for a short while? 1934, Mail, Postal services in the United Kingdom, and 4 more. Letters under one pound were collected from various offices hourly and were delivered in the most populated parts of the city ten or twelve times a day. 1st. I’ve tried searching online, but I’m not coming up with anything about how or why people had their mail delivered to a stationer’s. I have never heard of it before but will do some searching. You don’t mention which country you are researching, but a book I can highly recommend is “The Diary of Robert Sharp of South Cave – Life in a Yorkshire Village 1812-1837”, edited by Janice E Crowther and Peter A. Crowther. Up until that time, the post system was reserved for the use of the King and his Court. This meant that a letter sent from Yarmouth to Edinburgh would have to travel through London. In the beginning, a letter written on a single sheet of paper would cost 2d to travel 80 miles with postage to Scotland from London being 8d and to Ireland 9d. I’ve never heard that term before. Very few private letters were allowed so merchants had to depend on commercial carriers or their own private arrangements. In 1685, William Dockwra established a penny post within London, since all post within the city had previously travelled by private messenger. Do you know if this is true? It was also in 1924 that the first experimental Telephone Kiosk no. I got somewhat closer with your reference to 1844 but I’m not quite there. Most of what I’ve found is on American postal history. Was one required to go to a post box? 1660 Charles II established the General Post Office. Located in St Martin’s Le Grand, EC2, the building designed by Sir Robert Smirke was 400ft long by 80ft deep. The post office was no exception, and I think it was probably the largest shop in the … 1661 The postage date stamp was first used, and the first Postmaster General was appointed. Charles I, who was always s… The reports of site locations are forms completed and submitted by postmasters, mostly from 1845 until 1945, giving the location of their Post Offices and other geographical information. My assumption would be that the runners would have been paid by the gentry that they served. Those not wanting to pay the postage could refuse the letter. Just one year after it was formed, the postage date stamp was first used and the inaugural Postmaster, Henry Bishop – also the inventor of the first postmark used on mail, was appointed tasked with overseeing the GPO. Japan Post Bank, part of the post office was the world's largest savings bank with 198 trillion yen (US$1.7 trillion) of deposits as of 2006, much from conservative, risk-averse citizens. Wondering if this would be the modern-day equivalent of having mail held at the post office. 1894 - First picture postcards were issued in UK and permission given to others, to publish them. The position later became the Postmaster General – a role which continued for more than 450 years until it was finally abolished in 1969. Dockwra’s efforts were put to and end when he was taken to court and found to be guilty of infringement in a judgement that found in favour of the Duke of York who had been the recipient of the revenue of the official post office since 1663. Accessed July 22, 2015. http://royalmailheritage.com/main.php. It identifies the destination sorting office of the item being posted, and a post town is assigned to every address in the UK. On 1 January 1858, the system we use today was introduced and … Show all articles. Less than 20 years later, in 1868, the first military links to the Post Office were formed as the 49th Middlesex Rifle Volunteers Corps, known as the Post Office Rifles came into being – made up of GPO employees. When Charles I first introduced public mail service in 1635, letters were carried from one ‘post’ to the next ‘post’ by carriers on foot or on horseback. The Louth-London Royal Mail by Charles Cooper Henderson, 1820, The headquarters of the General Post Office in St Martins-le-Grand in the City of London, late 1820s, Clerks at work in a London post office circa 1808, Royal Mail ‘Post Office Regulations’ handbill giving details of the Uniform Penny Post, dated 7 January 1840, The Inland Letter Office at the General Post Office in 1845, 24th Middlesex Rifle Volunteers (Post Office Rifles) in 1895, Ambulance detachment, 24th Middlesex Rifle Volunteers (Post Office Rifles), 1897. The Post Office Ltd as it is known in its current form came into existence in 2001. As a young child, I lived in Edgware which had been built in the 1930s as part of London's suburbia, and it was therefore quite modern in the 1940s when I first knew it. Under these early schemes, the receiver had to pay the postage on their letter, rather than the sender and the rate was based on the distance the letter had travelled. “Whereas it hath been found by experience, That the Erecting and Settling of one General Post-Office, for the speedy Conveying, Carrying, and Re-carrying of Letters by Post, to, and from all Places within England, Scotland, and Ireland.”. However, this system would continue for another century and a half. Accessed July 22, 2015. As both the state system provider and telecommunications carrier, the GPO expanded across the British Empire from having an initial jurisdiction across just England and Wales; then for the whole of Great Britain. By latter half of the eighteenth century, the post system had grown and the cost of a letter had gone up, but little else had changed. Where did you learn this? ... Post Office branch of your choice, anywhere in the UK. I’m trying to find out what it was practically like to send outgoing mail during this period. Within a year, it was found that the black stamp, which was cancelled in red ink, could often easily be reused and so it was discontinued and the penny red stamp was issued, remaining in use until 1879. During the same period, rates for the post were increased, doubled from a penny for a one-post distance to two pennies for the same service. It seems clear that the postman (presumably) has at no point in British history collected outbound mail, like a mailbox with a flag as the US developed. However, the oldest functioning post office as claimed by the British Postal Museum is located on the High Street in Sanquhar, Scotland. The Sub-Post Office There appears to have been some sort of postal service in Angmering by the late 18th century as there is a reference to it being established "by 1793". 4 was produced which incorporated a post box and stamp vending machine. A second post office in thesame township was named Mulberry … Irish Post Office history An Post plays a central role in Irish life and society, offering a wide range of services from the provision of pensions to parcel collection. At each ‘post’ the ‘postmaster’ would remove the letters for his immediate area and then hand the rest to another ‘post boy’ who would carry them on. I have been looking all over and can find no account of what happens once I write my letter and hand it to my servant. See more. Palmer’s plan was to convey the mail by coaches in the same way that packages were delivered. While the data was being captured electronically by this time, maintenance of the file was still paper-based, which meant that updates were slow and infrequent. "This is the first complete history of the Royal Mail up to the present day, based on its comprehensive archives, and including the first detailed account of the past half-century of Britain's postal history, made possible by privileged access to confidential records. 2s. How interesting. Some … Letters sent through the public postal service could travel only over these routes. Under the new scheme, the sender would prepay to send their letter, eliminating the chance that the recipient would refuse the delivery. for 240 units. Retail outlets in the United Kingdom; United Kingdom; 1930s; Postal services; Post Office. As a newly formed mutual organisation, independence from Royal Mail enabled the Post Office to make independent strategic decisions. In 1657, fixed rates were established for the delivery of letters through the post system in the Postage Act as passed by Parliament. jQuery('#footnote_plugin_tooltip_578_1_2').tooltip({ tip: '#footnote_plugin_tooltip_text_578_1_2', tipClass: 'footnote_tooltip', effect: 'fade', predelay: 0, fadeInSpeed: 200, delay: 400, fadeOutSpeed: 200, position: 'top right', relative: true, offset: [10, 10], }); In addition to this official post service, hundreds of carriers delivered letters and packages across the dominion in direct competition to the service. The stamps, covers and envelopes had several features to prevent forgeries. And what about the wealthy, or army and naval types? jQuery('#footnote_plugin_tooltip_578_1_4').tooltip({ tip: '#footnote_plugin_tooltip_text_578_1_4', tipClass: 'footnote_tooltip', effect: 'fade', predelay: 0, fadeInSpeed: 200, delay: 400, fadeOutSpeed: 200, position: 'top right', relative: true, offset: [10, 10], }); Thank you for this interesting narrative. 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