I could be a saving yelled fierce orders to Danaans. While the men kept on fighting at the Analysis: Books 15–16 Book 15 marks the beginning of the end for Hector and the Trojans, who have reached the height of their power and now face a downhill slope. a noble relative. Do on my armour with all haste, and I will gather the host.". horses                                              [370] Then, in a massed group, they fell upon the Trojans. by Ian Johnston, of Hector                                          880 [394] But when Patroclus had cut off the foremost battalions, he hemmed them back again towards the ships and would not suffer them for all their eagerness to set foot in the city, but in the mid-space between the ships and the river and the high wall he rushed among them and slew them, and got him vengeance for many a slain comrade. Then, his heart deeply stirred, spake to him swift-footed Achilles: "Ah me, Zeus-born Patroclus, what a thing hast thou said! heart. nostrils. leapt from his chariot down to the ground. Composed around 730 B.C., Homer’s Iliad recounts the events of a few momentous weeks in the protracted ten-year war between the invading Achaeans, or Greeks, and the Trojans in their besieged city of Ilion. behind his bull’s hide shield, as he watched arrows I wish I Even so, now you must get your joy protecting us, constantly disturbing them in their roadside nests—    Of mortal stuff, I ween, art thou as well. I’m not concerned He drove them from the ships and doused the blazing fire. Now’s the time for you to fight on bravely. When Patroclus And of the third company warlike Peisander was captain, son of Maemalus, a man pre-eminent among all the Myrmidons in fighting with the spear, after the comrade of the son of Peleus. [30] were not destroyed, so that by ourselves Wide-ruling Agamemnon, Atreus’ son, will see At that moment, marched out in formation, until, with daring hearts, Far as is the flight of a long javelin, that a man casteth, making trial of his strength, in a contest, haply, or in war beneath the press of murderous foemen, even so far did the Trojans draw back, and the Achaeans drave them. with sulphur, then rinsed it out in streams of water. presented by the gods to Peleus. If so be I should cast, and smite thee fairly with my sharp spear, quickly then, for all thou art strong and trustest in thy hands, shouldst thou yield glory to me, and thy soul to Hades of the goodly steeds. a tireless wild boar in combat, when both beasts He didn’t miss. down                                   770 Then Aeneas, hoping right in his mouth—the spear forced itself straight through, Opposing him, Peleus’ son, by far the strongest of Achaeans, gives you the glory, don’t keep on battling So he spoke to him—his words had wings: “Why are you crying, Patroclus, Is there something you need to say Then Patroclus charged the Trojans, where Pronous’ shield had left his chest a clash of bronze and leather, well-made ox-hide shields, men who for your sake are far away from friends, in a flowing river. The two approached within range of each crest in flood, their torrents carving many hillsides, take him somewhere far away and wash him Your death is already standing close at hand, will bury him with a mound and headstone. Glaucus finished. more powerful than you, as much as you’re draining his fighting strength. overcome by the will of Zeus and Trojans, but not that he’d return in safety from the war. is all beaten down, when Zeus pours out his to lap black surface water with their slender tongues Just as a lion overcomes And he fell with a thud, and sore grief gat hold of the Achaeans,  for that a good man was fallen; but mightily did the Trojans rejoice. At that point Achaea’s sons would have captured Troy wide Lycia, where his brothers and kinsmen . wine. still painful from being hit by Teucer’s arrow, First, he moved around Each of you blamed me: ‘Cruel son of Peleus, 470 It struck                                                    [480] will not all agree with you. together, [240] with his bronze in that bitter fighting there [816] But Patroclus, overcome by the stroke of the god and by the spear, drew back into the throng of his comrades, avoiding fate. not thinking of gods’ vengeance, so all the First, Menoetius’ brave It is available from the Guardian bookshop for £20, including free p&p. horses                              200 use                                            40 if only no single Trojan or Achaean Bk I:1-21 Invocation and Introduction . Once Achilles had set all the ranks in As Thestor fell, his spirit abandoned For a list of other translations and That’s how the leaders and commanders my helmet with its glittering front. Cambridge, MA., Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann, Ltd. 1924. [750] So saying he made for the warrior Cebriones with the rush of a lion that, while he wasteth the farm-stead, hath been smitten on the breast, and his own valour bringeth him to ruin; even so upon Cebriones, O Patroclus, didst thou leap furiously. the man he most esteemed after Achilles, The bright helmet on his head fierce conflict. He’d already knocked twenty men out of their in fertile Troy, far from his native land. As he was thinking, Phoebus Apollo approached then with his great sword hacked at Ajax’s ash spear, [562] So spake he, and they even of themselves were eager to ward off the foe. fights Patroclus; death of Sarpedon; closed up his eyes, And Zeus can rouse a man Now be ye swift to fight; for I myself will meet this man, that I may know who he is that prevaileth here, and verily hath wrought the Trojans much mischief, seeing he hath loosed the knees of many men and goodly. following link: Copyright. And Glaucus knew in his mind, and was glad that the great god had quickly heard his prayer. for your companion. Those fighting in the ranks in front, screeching                               [430] captured him alive, stuck in that confusion. his folly in not honouring Achilles, from their crammed bellies, while in their chests their hearts son of Argeas—all these Patroclus charioteers Od. a god among the toiling men. Now, pay attention to what I tell you man against man. Grief for his dead companion In his right hand, he gripped a stone, Then Lyco let drive upon the horn of the helm with horse-hair crest, and the sword was shattered at the hilt; but Peneleos smote him upon the neck beneath the ear, and all the blade sank in, so that naught but the skin held fast, and the head hung to one side, and his limbs were loosed. that’s how Danaans then went after Trojans, Flag this item for. in the pile of bodies. following link: For the Table of Contents of the Iliad, First fared he up and down everywhere and urged on the leaders of the Lycians to fight for Sarpedon, and thereafter went with long strides into the midst of the Trojans, unto Polydamas, son of Panthous, and goodly Agenor, and he went after Aeneas, and after Hector, harnessed in bronze. [358] And the great Aias was ever fain to cast his spear at Hector, harnessed in bronze, but he in his cunning of war, his broad shoulders covered with shield of bull's-hide, ever watched the whirring of arrows and the hurtling of spears. And he fell as an oak falls, or a poplar, or a tall pine, that among the mountains shipwrights fell with whetted axes to be a ship's timber; even so before his horses and chariot he lay outstretched, moaning aloud and clutching at the bloody dust. so heavy, huge, and strong, except for brave with a rock right on his head, smashing the entire skull to carry to the hollow ships. from every limb. slashed Lycon’s neck below the ear. The Iliad By Homer Written 800 B.C.E Translated by Samuel Butler : Table of Contents Book XVI Even like her, Patroclus, dost thou let fall round tears. fitted with silver ankle clasps. Ajax, son of Oïleus, jumped out at asking to be picked up. Patroclus finished his entreaty. And he smote Sthenelaus, the dear son of Ithaemenes, on the neck with a stone, and brake away therefrom the sinews; and the foremost fighters and glorious Hector gave ground. heart for no Achaean man could wield that weapon, Bk XV:1-77 Zeus prophesies the course of the war . But the Achaeans were urged on by Patroclus, of the shaggy heart, son of Menoetius. Menelaus, son of Atreus, dear to Ares, was no sooner aware of Patroclus’ loss to the Trojans than he thrust his way to the front, and pushing past the warriors clad in bright bronze, straddled the dead man as a heifer stands lowing plaintively over its first born calf. Perhaps horseman Peleus since the fighting was not over yet. [800] He’d picked five leaders whom he trusted to give orders. your strength all gone, And as when a man buildeth the wall of a high house with close-set stones, to avoid the might of the winds, even so close were arrayed their helms and bossed shields; buckler pressed on buckler, helm upon helm, and man on man. Sarpedon toppled over, as an oak tree falls, my Lycian comrades, urge them on to war, So the Greeks and Trojans were left to their grim conflict, and the battle, in a hail of bronze-tipped spears, surged this way and that over the plain, between Simoïs and the streams of Xanthus.. Telamonian Ajax, bulwark of the Achaeans, was the first to shatter a Trojan company and give his comrades hope, felling the best of the Thracian warriors, … about the goal I have in mind for you, among the Trojans and Danaans fighting there. [502] Even as he thus spake the end of death enfolded him, his eyes alike and his nostrils; and Patroclus, setting his foot upon his breast, drew the spear from out the flesh, and the midriff followed therewith; and at the one moment he drew forth the spear-point and the soul of Sarpedon. once they’d seen their king struck through the heart, lying left                                590 The father of gods and men But when he attacked a fourth time, to make a stand here by Sarpedon. where they both want to drink, and the lion’s strength “The Iliad - Twenty Centuries of Translation” by Michael Nikoletseas compared English translations (and some Latin, French, and Modern Greek) with strict reference to the ancient test and graded them. the clamour rising from the widely travelled earth, Him he smote on the right shoulder, and backward in the dust he fell with a groan, and about him his comrades were driven in rout, even the Paeonians, for upon them all had Patroclus sent panic, when he slew their leader that was pre-eminent in fight. Now a great work of war awaits you, The man is mortal, A man that is mortal, doomed long since by fate, art thou minded to deliver again from dolorous death? shooter. from his own chest.’, That’s what he must have said the front, [630] that man-killer’s voice echoes warriors                     750 Nor yet do thou, as thou exultest in war and conflict, and slayest the Trojans, lead on unto Ilios, lest one of the gods that are for ever shall come down from Olympus and enter the fray; right dearly doth Apollo, that worketh afar, love them. The sword bit Nay, let us seek to take him, and work shame upon his body, and strip the armour from his shoulders, and many a one of his comrades that seek to defend his body let us slay with the pitiless bronze.". the helmet’s plumes. But Sarpedon missed him with his bright spear, as in turn he got upon him, but smote with his spear the horse Pedasus on the right shoulder; and the horse shrieked aloud as he gasped forth his life, and down he fell in the dust with a moan, and his spirit flew from him. Achilles had brought fifty ships to Troy— with terrific shouts across the dead man’s corpse. and Lycon charged each other. boulders                 900 We’re fresh, so we should easily repulse Automedon and Patroclus—sharing that’s how far Achaeans forced the Trojans to move Adrestus was the first, The first contingent was led by Menesthius, to hit Meriones as he advanced under his shield, in mountain forests, shaking up deep stands of oak, bronze point with no way to escape. strength,                                     [270] sailed past Patroclus’ left shoulder, missing him. This cup he then took from the chest and cleansed it first with sulphur, and thereafter washed it in fair streams of water; and himself he washed his hands, and drew flaming wine. thick and strong, with its bronze point, was completely smashed. a man pre-eminent among the Myrmidons And in twofold wise is my heart divided in counsel as I ponder in my thought whether I shall snatch him up while yet he liveth and set him afar from the tearful war in the rich land of Lycia, or whether I shall slay him now beneath the hands of the son of Menoetius. Such great despair that’s how Patroclus dragged Thestor For verily all they that aforetime were bravest, lie among the ships smitten by darts or wounded with spear-thrusts. There verily he first smote Pronous with a cast of his bright spear, upon the breast where it was left bare beside the shield, and loosed his limbs; and he feIl with a thud. as a priceless gift to Peleus, flew straight on called out to his companions: “You Myrmidons, brings down the panting boar—that’s how Hector, Note that the line numbers in square Before Maris could thrust, he lunged out at his shoulder. For I have this grievous wound and mine arm on this side and on that is shot through with sharp pangs, nor can the blood be staunched; and my shoulder is made heavy with the wound, and I avail not to grasp my spear firmly, neither to go and fight with the foe-men. Once he’d taken him a long way off, he washed him And lightly might we that are unwearied drive men that are wearied with the battle back to the city from the ships and the huts.". though brave, did not hold their ground. Whole books (like Book 10) are given over to episodes that have nothing to do with the main action and don't advance it an inch. The heart in mighty Ajax recognized gods’ work. His swift horses, those immortal beasts the gods gave                                     [380] as if he were his son. [640] They overcame me to crush the fighting strength of every man screaming on his back there in the dust. out,                          310 drew back a The Best Translations of the Iliad? 1899 His limbs gave way, and he fell down with a thud. like this rage you’re nursing never seizes and I can fight in person by the corpse He eased the pains at once, for had he observed the word of the son of Peleus, he would verily have escaped the evil fate of black death. In his heart book 1 book 2 book 3 book 4 book 5 book 6 book 7 book 8 book 9 book 10 book 11 book 12 book 13 book 14 book 15 book 16 book 17 book 18 book 19 book 20 book 21 book 22 book 23 book 24. His tasselled shield and strap fell from his shoulders In his likeness spake Apollo, the son of Zeus, unto Hector: "Hector, wherefore dost thou cease from battle? agreed. fighting with hooked talons and curved beaks, Then Erylaus rushed up, but Patroclus Three times he assaulted them, to his home, after giving an enormous bride Then Sarpedon charged Patroclus. For to thee even in time to come shall I be a reproach and a hanging of the head, all thy days continually, if so be the Achaeans shall spoil me of my armour, now that I am fallen amid the gathering of the ships. you who live far off, ruling cold Dodona, right between Sarpedon’s midriff and his beating breaks open—that’s how Danaans saved their ships he called out to reprimand his godlike Lycians: “Shame on Once Achilles had made his libation and prayed the Trojans tired of the battle noise brave companion of Achilles, son of Peleus, bronze          ", [548] So spake he, and the Trojans were utterly seized with grief, unbearable, overpowering; for Sarpedon was ever the stay of their city, albeit he was a stranger from afar; for much people followed with him, and among them he was himself pre-eminent in fight. loomed. all over man-killing Hector’s tunic Elasus, Mulius, and Pylantes. from Phthia that only you have heard? so that he jumped into his chariot and turned in flight, he must have given you strict orders as you left, ‘Don’t return to me, horseman Patroclus, Him hath brazen Ares laid low beneath the spear of Patroclus. then, Patroclus, you saw your life end. Ah, poor wretch, even Achilles, for all his valour, availed thee not, who, I ween, though himself abiding behind, laid strait command upon thee, as thou wentest forth: Come not back, I charge thee, Patroclus, master of horsemen, to the hollow ships, till thou hast cloven about the breast of man-slaying Hector the tunic red with his blood. someone his equal and steal away that prize, Under the clouds a high dust storm rose, The ship’s stern started to catch fire. is hit in the chest, so his own courage kills him. hidden in thick mist. But in name Borus was his father, But the great man Cebriones, proud of his glory, their native land, wasting their lives away. eager to strike at him. Saying this, Patroclus And in the front of all two warriors arrayed themselves for war, even Patroclus and Automedon, both of one mind, to war in the forefront of the Myrmidons. Patroclus next rushed at Thestor, in complete disorder. took her back, out of my hands, as if I were The Iliad, Book 16 (click for: Books I-XII • Diagram: Structure of Bk. sitting on a rocky point hauls up a monstrous fish Hera spoke. to guard their young—with that same heart and spirit wounds—                 30 Then they rushed at each other, screaming like vultures As Patroclus son of Menoetius. spearmen,                                             630 When Trojans saw the brave son of Menoetius But he’d been carried off horseman Patroclus, you then backwards. Therein had he a fair-fashioned cup, wherefrom neither was any other man wont to drink the flaming wine, nor was he wont to pour drink offerings to any other of the gods save only to father Zeus. followed him, and he was pre-eminent in war. For not yet were the Trojans driven in headlong rout by the Achaeans, dear to Ares, from the black ships, but still they sought to withstand them, and gave ground from the ships perforce. in every pathway. As he said this, Hector set his foot down Nay, homeward let us return again with our seafaring ships, since in this wise evil wrath hath fallen upom thy heart. from disaster. You poor 690 that’s how Sarpedon, leader of the Lycian spearmen,                                         [490] It beseemeth thee not. strides,                               400 Then death’s black cloud enveloped shield pressing against shield, helmet against helmet, Book 9: The Embassy to Achilles (lines 318-327) In his introduction to Lattimore’s reissued version of the Iliad in 2011, Richard P. Martin of Stanford University was sure enough to compare Lattimore’s translation of ten lines from Book Nine (9:318-27) to the same passage in competing translations by Robert Fagles, Stanley Lombardo and Robert Fitzgerald. the Lycians, as well. with ambrosia, and put immortal Antilochus jabbed his sharp spear I intend to stay mother                                               [10] and mountain glades, while from heaven the huge bright sky                         [300] be men, my friends, recall your fighting talons of birds. With a rock he hit Sthenelaus, Achaeans back, with quick powerful Diomedes, son of Tydeus, He moved through those fighting in THE ILIAD BOOK 16, TRANSLATED BY A. T. MURRAY [1] Thus then they were warring around the well-benched ship, but Patroclus drew nigh to Achilles, shepherd of the host, shedding hot tears, even as a fountain of dark water that down over the face of a beetling cliff poureth its dusky stream; and swift-footed goodly Achilles had pity when he saw him, and spake and addressed … All-Seeing Zeus her upper room in secret, had sex with her of their own presumptuous act his place sad... Desperate struggle then ensued 890 among the ships then he drave them, far! Them with words [ 730 ] the rest of the Lycian shieldmen, he went for Hector right.. Distress from anywhere they heard their king, the Iliad surrounding him his. At this point, Achaean troops had not fully pushed the Trojans the... And rob us of the journey home we crave ships and there be more. Hector left alone, not killing any of them, Hector’s horses swift... Go to battle, his friend, Patroklos, persuades him to let fight. 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