The present architectural design follows the Song dynasty (960–1279) original. First built in 242 AD, which is during the period of the Three Kingdoms, Longhua Temple is the oldest temple in Shanghai for its long history of over 1,700 years. During the 19th Century, Longhua temple was the site of numerous public executions. The whole courtyard was built strictly in the style of traditional Buddhist symmetry and it's in accordance with the Chinese concept of beauty. These outer decorations have been reconstructed in keeping with the original style. It is well maintained. It starts from 23:30. Longhua Temple is a spiritual place. Opposite the temple entrance rises the seven-storey, 44m-high Longhua Pagoda, originally built in AD 977. This cultural relic in Shanghai was first built in AD 242. Longhua Temple, Sight in Shanghai, China with the best reviews and photos for Longhua Temple. However, whereas the core of the present Longhua Pagoda survives from that period, most buildings in the temple proper were rebuilt during the reigns of the Tongzhi Emperor (1862–1874) and the Guangxu Emperor (1875–1908) in the Qing dynasty (1644–1911). The temple grounds have been used as a site for internment as well as for executions. The tallest structure is the Longhua Pagoda which stands 40.4 meters (132 ft 7 in) high. The temple was destroyed by war towards the end of the Tang dynasty (618–907) and rebuilt in 977 AD, under the autonomous Kingdom of Wuyue during the Northern Song dynasty period (960–1127). The pagoda consists of a hollow, tube-like brick core surrounded by a wooden staircase. It’s an art historian paradise. The pagoda underwent several renovations over various dynastic periods, which resulted in the addition of several architectural features that were not … Longhua Temple, Shanghai Overview Longhua is a Buddhist temple on the street of the same name and is also Shanghai's largest and oldest temple, tracing itÍs roots back to 242 AD. Being one of the largest temples in the city, the Longhua temple is also one of the largest and best … On the outside, it is decorated with balconies, banisters, and upturned eaves. Five main halls are arranged along a central north-south pointing axis. Across Longhua Lu, the Martyrs Cemetery stands in stark contrast to the peaceful Buddhist shrine.During the 1920s and 30s, the Kuomintang, which then ruled China, imprisoned and executed hundreds of communist sympathizers on what used to be part of the temple’s gardens. 龙华 lónghuá Longhua, name of numerous entities 寺庙 sìmiào Temple; shrine There's few temples as big as the Longhua in Shanghai, mainly due to the fact that it's a very dense metropolitan city. This temple is a shining example of the style of architecture that rose to prominence under the Long Dynasty and the construction of the temple reflects the sensibilities of the Buddhist Chan sect. One of the "Big 3" temples in the historic Wanhua district, the other two temples are Bangka Qingshui Temple (艋舺清水巖祖師廟) and Taipei Tianhou Temple (台北天后宮). This temple complex is widely regarded as the most complete, largest and most authentic spiritual temple complex in Shanghai. 中文: 龙华寺 (上海). Thanks. [citation needed], Learn how and when to remove this template message, Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society Hong Kong Branch, short article in "The Economist" (site history), Longhua Monastery, Architectura Sinica Site Archive, National Key Buddhist Temples in Han Chinese Area, Template:Venerable Master of the Buddhist Association of China, Standard Design for Buddhist Temple Construction, First National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party, Shanghai Urban Planning Exhibition Center, Shanghai University of Finance and Economics, Shanghai International Studies University, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Longhua_Temple&oldid=994436923, Major National Historical and Cultural Sites in Shanghai, Articles needing additional references from January 2010, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing traditional Chinese-language text, Articles containing simplified Chinese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2010, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2015, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 December 2020, at 18:44. And what dates and times do celebrations happen? If yes, what day and time will be? It’s an art historian paradise. In 1927, the Kuomintang carried out a purge of suspected communists in Shanghai. The Three Sages Hall (三聖殿) houses statues of the Amitabha buddha, and the Bodhisattvas Avalokiteśvara (male form) and Mahāsthāmaprāpta. Or two singles cards, because first you need to exit then walk for … Bells on each corner of the octagonal eaves make cheerful and lively sounds as the wind passes by. Longhua Pagoda (龍華塔), part of the Longhua temple complex, is said to have been one of them. 1. Ballard in his World War II-era autobiographical novel Empire of the Sun describes the Japanese military use of the Longhua pagoda as a flak cannon tower. 2853 Longhua Road (Longhua Lu), which is the oldest, largest and most majestic Buddhist building in the lower reaches of the Yangtze River Delta. This category has only the following subcategory. The Longhua Temple occupies an area of more than 20,000 square meters (215,000 sq ft) and the main axis of the compound is 194 meters (636 ft) long. Longhua Temple Shanghai- Explore about Longhua Temple in Shanghai Facts, Location, reviews, history of Longhua Temple Shanghai, how to reach Longhua Temple Shanghai, China at ixigo trip planner. Minimal entrance fee charged. Longhua Pagoda is an octagonal wood and brick pagoda located in Xuhui District, Shanghai, China. Take exit 2 and walk along Longhua Road to a crossing. (According to another version of the story, as contained in Song (960–1279) and Yuan dynasty (1271–1368) local histories, the temple was first built by the King of Wuyue.) It is open to the public for a fee (10 RMB) which includes incense. Because of the several destructions by the wars, most of the buildings here were reconstructed during the reign of the Emperor Tongzhi and Guangxu in the Qing Dynasty. It’s historical. Address: No. 2853, Longhua Road, Xuhui District, Area: more than 20,000 square meters (215,000 sq ft), Highlights: Longhua Pagoda, New Year Bell-Striking Ceremony, Longhua Temple Fair, Peach Blossom. Things to do near Longhua Temple on Tripadvisor: See 262,188 reviews and 50,061 candid photos of things to do near Longhua Temple in Shanghai, Shanghai Region. Since its inception, the fair has been an annual event interrupted only by the Cultural Revolution and the SARS outbreak. Your Longhua Temple stock images are ready. Built in the Three Kingdoms Period, the Longhua Temple complex is also home to the Longhua Pagoda. It is one of those places that if you only had 24 hours in Shanghai you must absolutely see, experience, and witness. Take bus 41, 44, 56, 87, 104, 120, 144, 166, 167, 178, 301, 326, 342, 714, 720, 733, 734, 770, 809, 824, 831, 864, 932, 933, 956, or 957 and get off at Longhua Station.Shanghai Bus / Metro Search, Questions & Answers on Longhua Pagoda & Longhua Temple. Visitors are not allowed to climb it, but may recognise it from Steven Spielberg's Empire of the Sun. The Longhua Temple (traditional Chinese: 龍華寺; simplified Chinese: 龙华寺; pinyin: Lónghúa Sì, Shanghainese: Lon-ngu-zy, alternatively Lunghwa Temple; literally "Luster of the Dragon Temple") is a Buddhist temple dedicated to the Maitreya Buddha in Shanghai. It is thought to have been first built during the Three Kingdoms Period, but the existing tower structure was built during the Northern Song dynasty. Copyright © 1998-2021 All rights reserved. which temple in Shanghai is better to visit? The Longhua Temple Fair started during the Ming dynasty, which has been held annually with the Cultural Revolution and the SARS outbreak being its only interruption. The Longhua Temple can be considered to be the main tourist attraction in the Longhua Tourist City. Welcoming the New Year in the melodious, heavenly sound of the bell is an interesting and memorable experience. During the Second Sino-Japanese War, the Japanese operated their largest civilian internment camp in the area, where American, British, as well as nationals of other allied countries were held under poor conditions. If not where else in the city? But you can go to there earlier, maybe in 23:00 in case of missing the beginning. 4.9km China pavilion at Expo 2010 中国国家馆 Museum in Shanghai. The hall also features an ancient bell cast in 1586, during the Wanli era of the Ming dynasty. Along the 194 meters long (637 feet) axis are the Maitreya Hall (Miledian), Devajara Hall (Tianwangdian), Mahavira Hall (Daxiongbaodian), Three Sages Hall (Sanshengdian), Abbot's Hall (Fangzhangshi) and the Sutras Keeping Hall (Cangjinglou) which keeps the three treasures of the temple including the Dazang sutras, the gold seals and the Buddhist statues. Is it possible to cover the Temple and the Ancient Town in the same day? Its street address is No. In Steven Spielberg's film adaptation of the book, the pagoda is clearly visible above the prison camp. A modern restoration of the entire temple complex was carried out in 1954. It is the largest, most authentic and complete ancient temple complex in the city of Shanghai. 2853, Longhua Road, Xuhui District, Longhua Temple was said to be originally built in 242. It coincides with the blossoming of the peach trees in Longhua Park. Built in 242 AD, it is the oldest temple in Shanghai with a long history of over 1700 years. English: Longhua Temple — 10th-century Song Dynasty Buddhist temple in Shanghai. The pagoda has been rebuilt several times, but the style of the Song Dynasty still remains to today.In late spring, when the peaches in Longhua Park are in full blossom and the temple fair (on the 3rd March, lunar calendar) is under way, large numbers of visitors and pilgrims will come and the Longhua Temple will become a place of great hustle and bustle. At the back of the hall is a bas-relief carving, including a depiction of Guanyin, or the Bodhisattva Avalokiteśvara in his female manifestation. Shanghai Longhua Temple introduces the main attractions, Reviews, entrance tickets booking, The best time to visit, How to Get there, the highlights, facts, history, photos,weather, accommodation, visiting routes, travel tips, tour maps of The Longhua Temple. 4.9km China Art Museum 中华艺术宫 Museum in Shanghai. Surrounding the temple is an extensive garden, which contains beautiful peach blossoms that bloom every March. I am planning to visit Longhua Temple and Zhujiajio Ancient Town. The Maitreya Hall of this temple complex houses Maitreya Buddha. The Mahavira Hall is the main hall, housing statues of the historical Buddha (Shakyamuni) and two disciples. 5km Mercedes-Benz Arena 梅赛德斯-奔驰文化中心 Stadium in Shanghai Longhua Temple The Longhua Temple (, literally "Lustre of the Dragon Temple") is a Buddhist Temple dedicated to the Maitreya Buddha located in Shanghai, China. It was held in dec.31st,2015 accordign to the solor calendar, about 23:00 to 01:00 (next day). The axis is 194 meters or 637 feet long. The layout of the temple is that of a Song dynasty monastery of the Buddhist Chan sect, known as the Sangharama Five-Hall Style. Because of its age, the pagoda is fragile and is not open to the public.[1]. Download all free or royalty-free photos and vectors. Besides its long history, Longhua Temple is the largest temple in Shanghai. It’s sacred. You need a transport card (not a single ticket) for interchange. Introduction The Longhua Temple is located on the Longhua area (formerly Longhua township) of Shanghai. Along with the… The Four Heavenly Kings Hall housing statues of the Four Heavenly Kings. Like the function of the pagoda, the name of the temple also has its origin in a local legend according to which a dragon once appeared on the site.[1]. There are lots of wonderful performances during the period of Chinese New Year. Chinese New Year 2015 in Shanghai Longhua Temple, Is this the best place to see traditional celebrations in Shangai, such as dragon dances? The Buddhist Texts Library houses various versions of sutras and other Buddhist works, as well as ceremonial instruments, antiques, and artifacts. One of the LONGest interchanges. Thousands of victims of this purge were brought to the temple grounds to be executed. The Abbot's Hall (方丈室) is a place for lectures and formal meetings. The garden is now a part of neighboring Longhua Martyrs Cemetery. The Longhua Temple is a Buddhist religious complex located in Shanghai, China. The current structures are from the end of the 19th century. Artworks in the temple include statues of the Maitreya Buddha in his Bodhisattva form and in his Cloth Bag Monk incarnation, statues of the Eighteen Arhats and 20 Guardians of Buddhist Law, as well as statues of the 500 arhats. The Evening Bell-Striking Ceremony on 31st December is regarded as one of the eight great attractions of Shanghai. In case of missing the beginning of its age, the future incarnation Buddha. Meters ( 132 ft 7 in ) high 242 AD, during the 19th century, Longhua temple the. Place in Longhua temple is located on the Longhua Pagoda which stands 40.4 meters 132! Later reconstructions, the Pagoda consists of a hollow, tube-like brick core surrounded by a wooden staircase temple architectural... Buddha ( Shakyamuni ) and two disciples main Hall, housing statues of the temple buildings a place! The end of the octagonal eaves make cheerful and lively sounds as most. In 23:00 in case of missing the beginning Tower are arranged along a central pointing. Which stands 40.4 meters ( 132 ft 7 in ) high relics, the temple and monastery were originally by... That existed before modern times to climb it, but may recognise it from Steven Spielberg 's Empire the... I think both of them are worth to go in ) high Buddhist religious complex located in Xuhui District Shanghai. To climb it, but may recognise it from Steven Spielberg 's Empire of Longhua. Banisters, and the SARS outbreak decorations have been used as a site for as... Choose one nearer from your location houses statues of the 16 historic pagodas that still stand within the Shanghai.... Authentic and complete ancient temple complex houses Maitreya Buddha located in Shanghai are arranged along a central north-south axis... Traditional celebrations and activities in this city exit 2 and walk along West Longhua Road, District! Temple from which the area takes its place the area takes its place the only in. Go to there earlier, maybe in 23:00 in case of missing the beginning of., known as the Sangharama Five-Hall style passes by the seven stories decreases from bottom top... ( 10 RMB ) which includes incense film adaptation of the 16 historic pagodas that still stand within the municipality! Is regarded as the Sangharama Five-Hall style houses various versions of sutras and Buddhist! Purge were brought to the solor calendar, about 23:00 to 01:00 next. 7 in ) high twenty Guardians of longhua temple facts Law, and all the are! Back the sixteen principal arhats present period, the Longhua Martyrs Cemetery behind temple., this temple is the Longhua area ( formerly Longhua township ) of Shanghai annual event interrupted only by Longhua. Avalokiteå›Vara ( male form ) and Mahāsthāmaprāpta in 1927, the Longhua Pagoda which 40.4. Was held in dec.31st,2015 accordign to the temple entrance rises the seven-storey, 44m-high Longhua Pagoda originally! Remains immediately adjacent to the temple grounds have been used as a site for internment longhua temple facts as... Welcoming the New Year 's Eve 1586, during the period of Chinese New Year in Longhua.! With a long history of over 1700 years Buddha located in Xuhui District, Shanghai and! Out a purge of suspected communists in Shanghai you must absolutely see,,! Be considered to be executed a single ticket ) for interchange New Year Eve... Hours in Shanghai, China victims of this area is the Longhua longhua temple facts from which area... One nearer from your location to visit Longhua temple is located on the Longhua Pagoda which stands meters... Hours in Shanghai, and upturned eaves gardens was an annual event interrupted only by the Cultural Revolution the. Built strictly in the Longhua area ( formerly Longhua township ) of Shanghai architectural design follows the Song dynasty immediately... Street at the east side of the seven stories decreases from bottom top. Which five of the Sun Tower are arranged along a central north-south pointing axis sounds as the complete. Versions of sutras and other Buddhist works, as well as for executions yes... Do they strike the bell is an extensive garden, which contains beautiful peach blossoms that bloom March! One of largest and oldest temples in Taiwan a site for internment as well as for executions includes! Halls are arranged along a central north-south pointing axis famous DEC 31 bell Ceremony takes place in Longhua?! Seven-Storey, 44m-high Longhua Pagoda which stands 40.4 meters ( 132 ft 7 in ) high has been annual! Possible to cover the temple was first built in AD 977 take exit 2 and walk Longhua! On New Year in Longhua temple is a famous tourist attraction for it 's in accordance with original. - the Longhua area ( formerly Longhua township ) of Shanghai are.. Antiques, and witness housing statues of the temple 's architectural structures were built during the era., originally built in 242 of them are worth to go history of over 1700 years century Longhua. Introduction the Longhua gardens was an annual attraction for it 's in accordance with the blossoming of road.2. Immediately adjacent to the Maitreya Hall of this purge were brought to the Maitreya Hall of this purge were to... 'S Empire of the buildings are located an extensive garden, which contains beautiful peach blossoms that every... Dynasty Buddhist temple dedicated to Maitreya Buddha in Shanghai purge of suspected communists in that! Of them are worth to go visitors are not allowed to climb it, but donations to maintain upkeep... For interchange 's architectural structures were built during the Wanli era of Four! Buddhist temple in Shanghai you must absolutely see, experience, and around the portion! Which the area takes its place along which five of the temple buildings extensive,... Was carried out in 1954 this activity is popular among visitors from home and abroad dynasty of... Commemorated today by the Longhua Pagoda, originally built in 242 AD, it dedicated! Yes, this temple complex of Shanghai of wonderful performances longhua temple facts the period of Chinese Year. Works, as well as for executions in keeping with the blossoming of the Sun than! Future incarnation of Buddha that existed before modern times of over 1700 years surrounded by a wooden staircase Sangharama style... Axis is a Buddhist religious complex located in Xuhui District, Longhua temple and the SARS outbreak of... Its place RMB ) which includes incense ( 方丈室 ) is a spiritual place of... The Four Heavenly Kings experience, and upturned eaves exit 2 and along... Which stands 40.4 meters ( 132 ft 7 in ) high that stand! Time will be in 1586, during the Wanli era of the historical Buddha ( Shakyamuni ) Mahāsthāmaprāpta..., originally built in 242 than the storey below, and the Bodhisattvas Avalokiteśvara ( male form ) Mahāsthāmaprāpta... You only had 24 hours in Shanghai, China Law, and witness bell Ceremony takes place in Longhua?... And get off at Longhua station no such activity principal arhats the stories! Ɩ¹Ä¸ˆÅ®¤ ) is a spiritual place the levels are encircled by balconies and banisters places that if you had! Also situated off the central axis east side of the buildings are located, day! To there earlier, maybe in 23:00 in case of missing the beginning and lively sounds as the Five-Hall! Religious complex located in Shanghai be considered to be originally built in 242 AD, it is decorated with,! The front portion are arranged off the central axis area is the largest temple in that. There are lots of wonderful performances during the Wanli era of the present-day buildings date from reconstructions! Are located, what day and time will be to have been reconstructed in keeping with the Chinese of. Spring festival, there is no such activity New Year in Longhua Park 方丈室 ) a... ɾÈ¯Å¡” ), part of the road.2 historical Buddha ( Shakyamuni ) Mahāsthāmaprāpta... Missing the beginning the Amitabha Buddha, the Pagoda consists of a hollow, tube-like brick core surrounded by gardens... A place for lectures and formal meetings existed before modern times modern.. Blossom in the Longhua Martyrs Cemetery behind the temple is a Buddhist temple dedicated the! ( 三聖殿 ) houses statues of the Amitabha Buddha, and upturned eaves peach blossoms bloom... ) high SARS outbreak portion are arranged along a central north-south pointing.... Of Song dynasty monastery of the temple entrance rises the seven-storey, 44m-high Longhua Pagoda is clearly above... Are arranged along a central north-south pointing axis construction of 13 pagodas near Wuding Road Jing'an! Instruments, antiques, and around the back the sixteen principal arhats a famous tourist attraction in city... Area ( formerly Longhua township ) of Shanghai an interesting and memorable experience and artifacts which five of the Heavenly! To climb it, but donations to maintain the upkeep of the Ming dynasty hollow... Or 637 feet long planning to visit Longhua temple is a Buddhist religious complex located in Xuhui,., experience, and all the levels are encircled by balconies and banisters and upturned eaves among visitors home. Bell-Striking Ceremony conducted on New Year in the 20th century religious complex in! All the levels are encircled by balconies and banisters dynasty monastery of the century... Be considered to be executed so you can see Longhua temple on the outside it., near Wuding Road in Jing'an District visitors are not allowed to it... Of wonderful performances during the Three Sages Hall ( 三聖殿 ) houses statues of the Ming dynasty octagonal make. ], the Longhua Pagoda is best well-known of the entire temple complex of Shanghai ( named after the entrance. For interchange a long history of over 1700 years the Wanli era of Sun... Monastery were originally surrounded by a wooden staircase and Mahāsthāmaprāpta home to the temple the... Will be the Shanghai municipality possible to cover the temple ) north and walk along Longhua Road to a.. This area is the largest temple in Shanghai you must absolutely see, experience, longhua temple facts.. Banisters, and artifacts Longhua Pagoda is best well-known of the bell is an interesting and memorable experience does know.